Geomorfológico

LIG AL01: Malpaís del Norte

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Basaltic lava flows, mainly aa type, fragmented in blocks with numerous cracked tumulus, longitudinally and transversally, from the eruptive fissure of Montaña Lobos, from the Pleistocene Era. Over these lava flows, there are hydromagmatic pyroclastic density currents from the hydromagmatic caldera. On the lower areas, closed endorheic depressions have developed de forming ephemeral, not very [...]

LIG AL02: La Caldera

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A hydromagmatic construction, almost 300 m tall, with a diameter at the base of more than 2 km and a ring crater of around 1238 m in diameter. The volcanic construction is formed by a strong series of pyroclastic waves, that go from wet to dry from wall to ceiling, showing all the characteristic features [...]

MC01 Montaña Clara-Roque del Oeste

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Montaña Clara is a large building, approximately 1400x1500 m and 256 m high, with a broad crater open towards the north, of around 700m in diameter. The building is eroded by the sea, and on the cliffs we can observe the genetic evolution that began by being hydromagmatic and ended up with its construction, with [...]

GR02 Barranco de Los Conejos

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The island of La Graciosa is characterised by recent volcanism and the intense sand covering it. That explains the little significance that erosive shapes have on the whole surface. La Graciosa has a scarce and under developed hydrographic network, with two ravines, one called Barranco Verde, in the south of Montaña del Mojón and Barranco [...]

GR03 Montaña Amarilla

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This is the only building in La Graciosa almost fully formed by palagonitised deposits of clearly marked hydromagmatic features, with abundant pyroclastic structures associated with surtseyan eruptive mechanisms. The hydromagmatic materials are crowned by strombolian volcanic products with lava fall and emission deposits towards the north, through a horseshoe crater open in that direction. Many [...]

LZ01 Zona paleontológica de Órzola

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Includes several paleontological sites related to sand deposits. The fossils are on ancient dunes stratigraphically located among the basaltic miocene lava flows and under basaltic pliocene lava flows. The calcareous sand deposits are inter-stratificated with alluvial deposits. The sites of Valle Grande, Valle Chico and Fuente de Gusa stand out. In those deposits there are [...]

LZ02 Risco de Famara

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This cliff is around 25 km long, and between 400 and 600 m high, whose genesis is linked to a debris avalanche. The cliff is carved on the Famara massif, and formed mainly by basaltic lava flows piling up with intercalation of levels of pyroclasts, buried pyroclasts cones, layers of red ochre and detrital deposits. [...]

LZ03 Cono enterrado de Órzola

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It is located in the lower part of the ancient building of Famara, and it is between 10.2 – 8.3 Ma, and one of the oldest hydromagmatic cones on the island of Lanzarote. It is a perfect example of a buried volcanic construction, showing its ochre shades and an approximately conic morphology, where the different [...]

LZ04 Salinas del Río

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These are the oldest in the Canary Islands as they were exploited in the 16th Century. They are on a flat surface at the bottom of the Famara cliff, separated from the island of La Graciosa by the river "El Río". The plain it is on, consists of detrital materials that resulted from the erosion [...]

LZ05 Peñas de Tao

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The best example in Lanzarote of the presence of numerous erratic blocks, reaching more than 30 m in height. The erratic blocks are described as large rock fragments transported by the lava. In this case, the large blocks come from the partial destruction of one of the flanks of the volcanic building of Volcán de [...]

LZ06 Tubo Volcánico de La Corona- Atlántida

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It formed after the eruption of Volcán de La Corona around 25 ka BP. It is more than 7.6 km long. It consists of a complex of halls and galleries superimposed with domes of up to 20x20 m and small interior lagoons. On the surface, the tube stands out because of a linked succession of [...]

LZ07 Valles colgados de Famara

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It includes some complex valleys when it comes to their evolution and morphology, and lacks heads and mouths. The are headless valleys that appear to be hanging at the top as a consequence of the formation of the cliff of Famara. But, in addition, in the middle stretches, the location of the recent lava flows [...]

LZ08 Valle de Temisa

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It corresponds to a broad basin with a soft longitudinal bed and a broad transversal profile typical of “U” valleys. The origin of these types of morphologies is related to the alternating damp and semi-arid stages that favour fitting at the bottom of the ravine and the setback of the hillsides, respectively. These are valleys [...]

LZ09 El Jable

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A wind sand corridor of active organic wind sand that runs through the island north to south, from Caleta de Famara to Playa Honda-Arrecife. From the sedimentary sequence of the Jable we gather the alternating climate, from arid thumbed during the Quarterly and the end of the Pliocene. On the coast, there are marine deposits [...]

LZ10 El Cuchillo-Mosta-Montaña Cavera

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This is the area with the highest concentration of surtseyan cones in all the Canary Islands. The three volcanic buildings that make up the geosite are aligned according to a NE-SW eruptive fissure. In these volcanic buildings, we can clearly follow the complete transition from the initial stages of the hydromagmatic building, with interaction of [...]

LZ12 Las Laderas

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Paleo-cliff corresponding to the topographic end of Risco de Famara. It is totally disconnected from the current coastline. At its base, it has developed two well-differentiated generations of detrital fans evolving towards glacis on the distal area. In this distal area, the glacis deposits intertwine with wind Jable sand deposits. There are numerous outcrops where [...]

LZ13 Barranco de Tenegüime

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This is a clear example of a valley with a transversal “V” profile. A straight ravine where the erosion of the water has excavated the complete sequence of the materials that form the Famara Massif, draining towards its eastern slope / watershed. The ravine seems to be fitted on a NW-SE fault plain, a factor [...]

LZ14 Jable del Medio

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It comprises one of the three large North-South sand outcrops, in the northeastern sector of Lanzarote. To the east, Mala village. organogen fine grain wind sand deposits that in some areas reach more than 22 m. This sand corresponds to fields of dunes from the Upper Pleistocene that expanded all over the northeastern coast of [...]

LZ15 Timbaiba

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Montaña de Timbaiba is a horseshoe-shaped volcanic cone, formed during the fissure eruption in the Middle Pleistocene. This building was constructed over a wind sand dune from the Pleistocene. There are two dune systems separated by a paleosol and by two pyroclastic deposits during the Timbaiba eruption. On the oldest dune there are fossils, such [...]

LZ16 Vega de San José-Guanapay

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Located near the southern end of Risco de Famara, it is a river valley transformed into an interior endorheic basin after the eruption of the Guanapay volcano. The top sector is currently disconnected from the rest of the valley due to the ravine directly over Risco de Famara. In the endorheic area of the valley, [...]

LZ18 Montaña Tinache

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A volcanic building formed in the Middle Pleistocene. In the process there was a series of hydromagmatic and strombolian episodes. Abundant dune enclaves. The crater is filled by sandy-clay deposits. In its flanks there is a high level of encalichamiento developed on the surface as a consequence of the erosion of the external pyroclastic levels [...]

LZ19 La Calderetas

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This geosite includes the surface of the volcanic cone of La Caldereta formed during the Lower Pleistocene. The vastness of its lava flows during the eruption that took place between 1730 and 1736, resulted in a large lava area; only locally, the existence of previous mountain ranges, mainly volcanic cones, posed an obstacle to the [...]

LZ20 Lomos de San Andrés and Camacho

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This geosite is a clear example of the interference between the volcanic construction processes and the sedimentation of wind sands on the island of Lanzarote, which in this case has favoured the creation of convergent relief shapes, whose conic shape and pyroclastic materials on the surface, mainly lapilli, has caused for them to be interpreted [...]

LZ22 Los Ancones

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The powerful lava flows of Los Ancones from the pleistocene volcanic cone of Montaña Corona, reached the old coastline and got into the sea, forming one of the most pronounced capes on the eastern coast of Lanzarote. Its situation on the shallow coast resulted in lava/water contact explosive processes, and the formation of spectacular pseudo-craters [...]

LZ23 Canal de lava del Chinero

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The Chinero volcano, also known as Nuevo del Fuego volcano, formed during the second eruption episode (29th September - 5th October) of the 1824 triple eruption, around 13 km away from Volcán de Tao, the first one to erupt, and, following a ENE-WSW fissure, it’s the only fully magmatic volcanic manifestation of this triple eruption [...]

LZ24 Volcán de Tinguatón

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The Tinguatón volcano corresponds to the 3rd and last eruption stage of 1824, around 9 km from the first building formed, Tao volcano, and around 4 km from the 2nd eruption episode, Nuevo del Fuego or Chinero volcano. The three volcanic buildings are located over the same fracture in ENE-WSW direction. The eruption of the [...]

LZ25 Islote de Hilario

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Islote de Hilario is one of the most original islets or kipukas in the Canary Islands, and it stands out from other islets because it is covered by the pyroclasts of the Timanfaya eruption of 1730-1736. However, the main characteristic of this geosite is the presence of thermal anomalies. This area registers the highest thermal [...]

LZ26 Pico Partido-Montaña Señalo

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The volcanic area of Pico Partido-Montaña del Señalo is one of the most active points of the fissure vent that puts together the different emission centres of the 1730-1736 eruption. This is one of the areas with the largest number of eruption centres per km2 of the whole eruption. This is a compact eruption system [...]

(Español) LZ27 Lavas de Timanfaya

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The 1730-1736 Timanfaya eruptions resulted in one of the largest and most long-lasting superficially historical lava fields. During the eruptions, the lava flows covered an area of around 176 km2, forming piled up lava that in some points reach a power of up to 100 m according to data obtained from deep surveys carried out [...]

LZ28 Conos de Timanfaya

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This geosite includes cones that appeared during the early and late stages of the Timanfaya eruption. The pyroclastic cone of Caldera de Los Cuervos is the structure generated on the 1st of September 1730 that led to the beginning of the eruption of Timanfaya, which lasted for more than six years. It is a structure [...]

LZ29 Cueva de los Naturalistas

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Also known as Cueva de Las Palomas de Masdache, this is a volcanic tube that was formed in the pahoehoe lava flows of the last phases of the Timanfaya eruption from 1730 to 1736. Its formation is associated with changes in the volume of lava emitted during the active period. The tube has been mapped [...]

LZ30 Fundación César Manrique

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Casa-Museo whose ground floor is built in the pahoehoe distal lavas of the Timanfaya eruption. It has very fluid lava flow characteristics and a profusion of small volcanic tubes and spectacular roped morphologies on the surface. Although it is a long lava flow, its cross section is small. Its black colour stands out on the [...]

LZ31 Montaña Rajada

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Mountain Rajada is one of the largest isolated volcanic structures of the historic eruption of Timanfaya. It consists of a complex morphological cone which is a result of its construction around several craters that are aligned in the direction of the main Timanfaya fracture and displays distinctive eruptive styles. The main crater houses a lava [...]

LZ32 Calderas Quemadas

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The alignment of the Calderas Quemadas monogenetic volcanoes define the main direction of the eruptive fissure that led to the historic eruption of Timanfaya. This alignment is a small volcanic chain formed from the interweaving, overlapping and juxtaposition of four volcanic ring structures that generate the most compact alignment of the Timanfaya area. Each of [...]

LZ33 Hornitos del Echadero de Los Camellos

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The hornitos and cinder cones of Echadero de Los Camellos make up the set of smaller more compact constructions, which are the most unique and of the highest morphological complexity and structure of the Timanfaya eruption. It is on the peripheral core of the eruption of Timanfaya, Macizo del Fuego, connected to the flow of [...]

LZ34 Corazoncillo

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El Corazoncillo is a volcano crater ring which is located 100m below the external base of the structure. This crater consists of the explosive funnel housed in a larger Strombolian-type structure from the historic Timanfaya eruption. In this volcanic structure you can identify different eruptive phases that formed, ranging from the formation of a cone [...]

LZ35 El Golfo

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Surtseyan structure in which we can observe wet and dry pyroclastic series with plenty of pyroclastic structures and coastal erosion processes. The eruption began with the emission of humid basal pyroclastic series which evolved at the end of the eruption into drier forms. This structure was generated as a result of the continuing collapse of [...]

LZ36 La Geria

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It is the largest wind dispersing mafic pyroclastic field in all of the Canary Islands, in terms of surface and thickness. Pyroclastic, also called lapilli or rofe by the inhabitants of Lanzarote, come from the historic eruption of Timanfaya (1730-1736) which was previously deposited on the ground. The climate of this area is characterised by [...]

LZ37 Los Hervideros

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It is characterised by a cliff developed from the historical Timanfaya lava flow (18th Century) on the west coast of the island of Lanzarote. The historical lava flow reached enormous power or thickness at this point. They are olivine basaltic lavas with abundant xenoliths of dunite. On the surface, they have aa type morphology and [...]

LZ38 Laguna de Janubio

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This geosite is located in the old port of Real de Janubio, which is currently a coastal lagoon that is closed off with a rope fence which originated from the longshore drift of products arising from the dismantling of lava flows from the eruptions of 1730-1736. In this geosite, we can also observe marine rasas [...]

LZ39 Valle de Femés

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An excavated valley in the ancient deposits of the Macizo de los Ajaches. This is a graben-type valley, structurally controlled by normal faults in a NE-SW direction. The existence of these faults has influenced the direction of the eruptive fissure including the cones of Montaña Riscada and Caldera Gritana, since, once the power source of [...]

LZ41 Papagayo

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In the southeastern tip of Lanzarote, south of the steep slopes of Los Ajaches, a large area of very low slope is located. It is a marine abrasion platform formed during the Pliocene, on which a river network of dendritic character has formed. This rasa has an average altitude of about 40 m above sea [...]

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