Estratigráfico

LIG AL02: La Caldera

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A hydromagmatic construction, almost 300 m tall, with a diameter at the base of more than 2 km and a ring crater of around 1238 m in diameter. The volcanic construction is formed by a strong series of pyroclastic waves, that go from wet to dry from wall to ceiling, showing all the characteristic features [...]

LIG AL03 Trocadero-El Veril

The south eastern coastal stripe of the islet of Alegranza has a marine cliff between 40 and 200 m high, where the different formation sequences of the islet are left exposed. This is a coastal shelf of very varied profile, height and morphology on the basis of the type of the predominant material it covers, [...]

MC01 Montaña Clara-Roque del Oeste

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Montaña Clara is a large building, approximately 1400x1500 m and 256 m high, with a broad crater open towards the north, of around 700m in diameter. The building is eroded by the sea, and on the cliffs we can observe the genetic evolution that began by being hydromagmatic and ended up with its construction, with [...]

GR01 Costa de Los Resbalajes

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From the south sector to the north, there is a gradual decrease of the age of materials that make up the coast. This fact clearly results in changes to the coastal setting of the whole littoral. After barely 2 km, it is possible to make out, at least, three stretches: on the first stretch, in [...]

GR02 Barranco de Los Conejos

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The island of La Graciosa is characterised by recent volcanism and the intense sand covering it. That explains the little significance that erosive shapes have on the whole surface. La Graciosa has a scarce and under developed hydrographic network, with two ravines, one called Barranco Verde, in the south of Montaña del Mojón and Barranco [...]

GR03 Montaña Amarilla

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This is the only building in La Graciosa almost fully formed by palagonitised deposits of clearly marked hydromagmatic features, with abundant pyroclastic structures associated with surtseyan eruptive mechanisms. The hydromagmatic materials are crowned by strombolian volcanic products with lava fall and emission deposits towards the north, through a horseshoe crater open in that direction. Many [...]

LZ01 Zona paleontológica de Órzola

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Includes several paleontological sites related to sand deposits. The fossils are on ancient dunes stratigraphically located among the basaltic miocene lava flows and under basaltic pliocene lava flows. The calcareous sand deposits are inter-stratificated with alluvial deposits. The sites of Valle Grande, Valle Chico and Fuente de Gusa stand out. In those deposits there are [...]

LZ02 Risco de Famara

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This cliff is around 25 km long, and between 400 and 600 m high, whose genesis is linked to a debris avalanche. The cliff is carved on the Famara massif, and formed mainly by basaltic lava flows piling up with intercalation of levels of pyroclasts, buried pyroclasts cones, layers of red ochre and detrital deposits. [...]

LZ03 Cono enterrado de Órzola

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It is located in the lower part of the ancient building of Famara, and it is between 10.2 – 8.3 Ma, and one of the oldest hydromagmatic cones on the island of Lanzarote. It is a perfect example of a buried volcanic construction, showing its ochre shades and an approximately conic morphology, where the different [...]

LZ08 Valle de Temisa

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It corresponds to a broad basin with a soft longitudinal bed and a broad transversal profile typical of “U” valleys. The origin of these types of morphologies is related to the alternating damp and semi-arid stages that favour fitting at the bottom of the ravine and the setback of the hillsides, respectively. These are valleys [...]

LZ09 El Jable

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A wind sand corridor of active organic wind sand that runs through the island north to south, from Caleta de Famara to Playa Honda-Arrecife. From the sedimentary sequence of the Jable we gather the alternating climate, from arid thumbed during the Quarterly and the end of the Pliocene. On the coast, there are marine deposits [...]

LZ10 El Cuchillo-Mosta-Montaña Cavera

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This is the area with the highest concentration of surtseyan cones in all the Canary Islands. The three volcanic buildings that make up the geosite are aligned according to a NE-SW eruptive fissure. In these volcanic buildings, we can clearly follow the complete transition from the initial stages of the hydromagmatic building, with interaction of [...]

LZ13 Barranco de Tenegüime

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This is a clear example of a valley with a transversal “V” profile. A straight ravine where the erosion of the water has excavated the complete sequence of the materials that form the Famara Massif, draining towards its eastern slope / watershed. The ravine seems to be fitted on a NW-SE fault plain, a factor [...]

LZ14 Jable del Medio

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It comprises one of the three large North-South sand outcrops, in the northeastern sector of Lanzarote. To the east, Mala village. organogen fine grain wind sand deposits that in some areas reach more than 22 m. This sand corresponds to fields of dunes from the Upper Pleistocene that expanded all over the northeastern coast of [...]

LZ15 Timbaiba

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Montaña de Timbaiba is a horseshoe-shaped volcanic cone, formed during the fissure eruption in the Middle Pleistocene. This building was constructed over a wind sand dune from the Pleistocene. There are two dune systems separated by a paleosol and by two pyroclastic deposits during the Timbaiba eruption. On the oldest dune there are fossils, such [...]

LZ19 La Calderetas

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This geosite includes the surface of the volcanic cone of La Caldereta formed during the Lower Pleistocene. The vastness of its lava flows during the eruption that took place between 1730 and 1736, resulted in a large lava area; only locally, the existence of previous mountain ranges, mainly volcanic cones, posed an obstacle to the [...]

LZ20 Lomos de San Andrés and Camacho

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This geosite is a clear example of the interference between the volcanic construction processes and the sedimentation of wind sands on the island of Lanzarote, which in this case has favoured the creation of convergent relief shapes, whose conic shape and pyroclastic materials on the surface, mainly lapilli, has caused for them to be interpreted [...]

LZ21 Monumento al Campesino

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This geosite is located in Monumento al Campesino, a Tourist Centre of the Cabildo Insular of Lanzarote dedicated to the traditional work on the fields of the islands. On the inside of the building there are distal lava flows from the Timanfaya eruption (1730-1736) as ornamental elements. The lava flows that reached Puerto de Arrecife [...]

LZ35 El Golfo

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Surtseyan structure in which we can observe wet and dry pyroclastic series with plenty of pyroclastic structures and coastal erosion processes. The eruption began with the emission of humid basal pyroclastic series which evolved at the end of the eruption into drier forms. This structure was generated as a result of the continuing collapse of [...]

LZ36 La Geria

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It is the largest wind dispersing mafic pyroclastic field in all of the Canary Islands, in terms of surface and thickness. Pyroclastic, also called lapilli or rofe by the inhabitants of Lanzarote, come from the historic eruption of Timanfaya (1730-1736) which was previously deposited on the ground. The climate of this area is characterised by [...]

LZ38 Laguna de Janubio

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This geosite is located in the old port of Real de Janubio, which is currently a coastal lagoon that is closed off with a rope fence which originated from the longshore drift of products arising from the dismantling of lava flows from the eruptions of 1730-1736. In this geosite, we can also observe marine rasas [...]

LZ39 Valle de Femés

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An excavated valley in the ancient deposits of the Macizo de los Ajaches. This is a graben-type valley, structurally controlled by normal faults in a NE-SW direction. The existence of these faults has influenced the direction of the eruptive fissure including the cones of Montaña Riscada and Caldera Gritana, since, once the power source of [...]

LZ41 Papagayo

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In the southeastern tip of Lanzarote, south of the steep slopes of Los Ajaches, a large area of very low slope is located. It is a marine abrasion platform formed during the Pliocene, on which a river network of dendritic character has formed. This rasa has an average altitude of about 40 m above sea [...]

LZ42 Barranco de Las Pilas

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Las Pilas ravine is located in the southern foothills of the Ajaches massif. This is a basin carved on lava flows and pyroclastic outcrops with radiometric ages of between 14.5 and 1.5 m, corresponding to Dominio de Ajaches. The main canyon basin called Las Pilas fits into its middle and final section on the marine [...]

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